One of the main stress hormones is cortisol. Its main period of secretion is morning, and a decline is observed in the evening. However, more and more often the secretion of cortisol is disturbed, because more and more negative factors act on a person.
The main sources of stress were:
- financial difficulties
- looking for extra income
- failures at work or in the family and others.
Historically, cortisol has been produced in humans under conditions of stress, such as lack of food. Fortunately, in our time this is not the most common reason, although sometimes an empty refrigerator can also provoke a nervous breakdown.
Cortisol‘s job is to optimize the body’s energy expenditure. However, its excessive presence in the blood disrupts the normal functioning of the body and leads to serious changes, such as obesity.
The antagonist of cortisol is endorphin, also known as the “happiness hormone”. However, its purpose is not only a joyful smile and a good mood. Endorphin is one of the main regulators of stress and is produced by the body in response to external stimulation. It reduces pain and stimulates the body’s resources. But euphoria and happiness are more likely provoked by dopamine.
One of the main ways to enrich the blood with endorphins is physical activity. Beta-endorphin, which is actively produced during exercise, is responsible for a good mood in the body. That is why runners have “runner’s euphoria”. Thanks to high doses of dopamine, athletes have high self-esteem and a good attitude towards themselves.